Republika Srpska

Coordinates: 44°45′N 17°19′E / 44.750°N 17.317°E / 44.750; 17.317

Republika Srpska
Република Српска
Anthem:
"Моја Република" / "Moja Republika"
(English: "My Republic")
Republika Srpska in Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg
Location of Republika Srpska (red)
CountryBosnia and Herzegovina
Proclaimed9 January 1992
Recognized as
part of Bosnia
and Herzegovina
14 December 1995
CapitalSarajevo[1]
Banja Luka (administrative centre)
Largest cityBanja Luka
Official languagesSerbian, Bosnian and Croatian
Ethnic groups
(2013 census[2])
GovernmentFederated state
• President
Željka Cvijanović
Radovan Višković
LegislatureNational Assembly
Area
• Total
25,053 km2 (9,673 sq mi)
Population
• 2013 census
1,218,107d[3]
• Density
53/km2 (137.3/sq mi)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$6.7 billion[4]
• Per capita
$9,900
HDI (2019)0.777[5]
high
CurrencyConvertible marke (BAM)
Time zoneUTC+01:00
 • Summer (DST)
UTC+02:00
Driving sideright
Calling code+387
a Although the northeastern Brčko District is formally held in condominium by both entities, it is a de facto third entity, as it has all the same powers as the other two entities and is under the direct sovereignty of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
b The Constitution of Republika Srpska avoids naming "Serbian, Bosnian, and Croatian", instead listing them as "the language of the Serb people, the language of the Bosniak people and the language of the Croat people" due to the ongoing debate over the separation of these languages.[6]
c Including refugees abroad
d Excluding Republika Srpska's 48% of the Brčko District
e Cyrillic version

Republika Srpska (Serbian Cyrillic: Република Српска, lit.'Serbian Republic' or Serbians' republic, also known as Republic of Srpska, pronounced [repǔblika sr̩̂pskaː] (listen)) is one of the two entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the other being the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is located in the north and east of the country. Its largest city and administrative centre is Banja Luka, lying on the Vrbas river.

Republika Srpska was formed in 1992 at the outset of the Bosnian War with the stated intent to safeguard the interests of the Serbs of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The war saw the expulsion of the vast majority of Croats and Bosniaks from the territory claimed by Republika Srpska and an inflow of Serbs expelled from Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Following the Dayton Agreement of 1995, Republika Srpska achieved international recognition as an entity within Bosnia and Herzegovina. Today most of Bosnia and Herzegovina's Serb population lives in Republika Srpska.

Republika Srpska is a parliamentary-style government, with the National Assembly holding legislative power within the entity. Republika Srpska is relatively centralised, although it is split into 64 municipalities called opštine.[8] The legislature holds 83 seats, and the current session is the tenth since its founding.

  1. ^ "Constitution of the Republika Srpska – official website of the Office of the High Representative". Archived from the original on 1 October 2008. Retrieved 13 September 2008.
  2. ^ Census of Population, Households, and Dwellings in Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2013. Agency for Statistics (Report). Sarajevo: Bosnia and Herzegovina. June 2016. Archived from the original on 3 April 2019. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
  3. ^ Preliminary Results of the 2013 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in Bosnia and Herzegovina (PDF). Agency for Statistics (Report). Bosnia and Herzegovina. 5 November 2013. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
  4. ^ "Database of economic indicators of RS". www.irbrs.net.
  5. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Archived from the original on 23 September 2018. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  6. ^ "Decision on Constitutional Amendments in Republika Srpska". Office of the High Representative. Archived from the original on 18 January 2012. Retrieved 3 June 2010.
  7. ^ "Constitution of Republika Srpska" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 February 2012.
  8. ^ "Bosnia-Herzegovina profile". BBC News. Archived from the original on 11 April 2013. Retrieved 14 April 2013.

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