Intel Corporation
FormerlyN M Electronics (1968)
FoundedJuly 18, 1968 (1968-07-18)
37°23′16″N 121°57′49″W / 37.38778°N 121.96361°W / 37.38778; -121.96361
Area served
Key people
Frank D. Yeary (Chairman)
Pat Gelsinger (CEO)
RevenueDecrease US$63.05 billion (2022)
Decrease US$2.33 billion (2022)
Decrease US$8.02 billion (2022)
Total assetsIncrease US$182.1 billion (2022)
Total equityIncrease US$103.3 billion (2022)
Number of employees
131,900 (2022)
Footnotes / references

Intel Corporation is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California. It is one of the world's largest semiconductor chip manufacturers by revenue,[3][4] and is one of the developers of the x86 series of instruction sets found in most personal computers (PCs). Incorporated in Delaware,[5] Intel ranked No. 45 in the 2020 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue for nearly a decade, from 2007 to 2016 fiscal years.[6]

Intel supplies microprocessors for most computer system manufacturers. It also manufactures motherboard chipsets, network interface controllers and integrated circuits, flash memory, graphics chips, embedded processors and other devices related to communications and computing.

Intel (Integrated electronics) was founded on July 18, 1968, by semiconductor pioneers Gordon Moore (of Moore's law), Robert Noyce (1927–1990), Arthur Rock (venture capitalist) and is associated with the executive leadership and vision of Andrew Grove.[7] Intel was a key component of the rise of Silicon Valley as a high-tech center. Noyce was a key inventor of the integrated circuit (microchip).[8][9] Intel was an early developer of SRAM and DRAM memory chips, which represented the majority of its business until 1981. Although Intel created the world's first commercial microprocessor chip in 1971, it was not until the success of the personal computer (PC) that this became its primary business.

During the 1990s, Intel invested heavily in new microprocessor designs fostering the rapid growth of the computer industry. During this period, Intel became the dominant supplier of PC microprocessors and was known for aggressive and anti-competitive tactics in defense of its market position, particularly against AMD, as well as a struggle with Microsoft for control over the direction of the PC industry.[10][11]

The Open Source Technology Center at Intel hosts PowerTOP and LatencyTOP, and supports other open-source projects such as Wayland, Mesa, Threading Building Blocks (TBB), and Xen.[12]

  1. ^ "Intel Corporation 2022 Annual Report (Form 10-K)". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. January 27, 2023.
  2. ^ "Mobileye Global Inc. Form S1/A". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. October 18, 2022.
  3. ^ Vanian, Jonathan. "Samsung Dethrones Intel As World's Biggest Chip Maker". Fortune.
  4. ^ "Intel 2007 Annual Report" (PDF). Intel. 2007. Retrieved July 6, 2011.
  5. ^ "10-K". 10-K. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  6. ^ "Fortune 500 Companies 2018: Who Made the List". Fortune. Archived from the original on November 10, 2018. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
  7. ^ Stanford, Law School (2020). "INTEL CORP $2, 500,000 CONVERTIBLE DEBENTURES" (PDF).
  8. ^ "1959: Practical Monolithic Integrated Circuit Concept Patented". Computer History Museum. Retrieved August 13, 2019.
  9. ^ "Integrated circuits". NASA. Retrieved August 13, 2019.
  10. ^ Goodin, Dan (September 23, 1998). "Microsoft's holy war on Java". CNET. Archived from the original on January 16, 2013. Retrieved November 18, 2018.
  11. ^ Lea, Graham (December 14, 1998). "USA versus Microsoft: the fourth week". BBC News. Retrieved January 7, 2008.
  12. ^ "What is". July 13, 2012.

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