Apple I

Apple I
CopsonApple1 2k cropped.jpg
DeveloperSteve Wozniak
Steve Jobs
TypePersonal computer / kit computer
Release dateApril 11, 1976 (1976-04-11)[1]
Introductory priceUS$666.66 (equivalent to $3,175 in 2021)
DiscontinuedSeptember 30, 1977 (1977-09-30)
Operating systemSystem monitor[2]
CPUMOS 6502 @ 1 MHz
Memory4 KB of RAM standard
expandable to 8 KB or 48 KB using expansion cards
256 B of ROM[2]
Storage456 KB (cassette tape)
Graphics40×24 characters, hardware-implemented scrolling (Signetics 2513 "64×8×5 Character Generator"[3])
SuccessorApple II

The Apple Computer 1, originally released as the Apple Computer and known later as the Apple I, or Apple-1, is an 8-bit desktop computer released by the Apple Computer Company (now Apple Inc.) in 1976. It was designed by Steve Wozniak.[4][5] The idea of selling the computer came from Wozniak's friend and Apple co-founder Steve Jobs.[6][7] The Apple I was Apple's first product, and to finance its creation, Jobs sold his only motorized means of transportation, a VW Microbus,[8] for a few hundred dollars (Wozniak later said that Jobs planned instead to use his bicycle to get around), and Wozniak sold his HP-65 calculator for $500.[9] Wozniak demonstrated the first prototype in July 1976 at the Homebrew Computer Club in Palo Alto, California.[10]

Production was discontinued on September 30, 1977, after the June 10, 1977 introduction of its successor, the Apple II, which Byte magazine referred to as part of the "1977 Trinity" of personal computing (along with the PET 2001 from Commodore Business Machines and the TRS-80 Model I from Tandy Corporation).[11]

  1. ^ "11 April 1976: Apple Releases Its First Computer". National Geographic. Archived from the original on May 24, 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Apple-1 Operation Manual" (PDF) – via Apple Fritter.
  3. ^ "Datasheet Archive 2513 datasheet download".
  4. ^ "Co-founder tells his side of Apple story". Reuters. September 27, 2006.
  5. ^ "A Chat with Computing Pioneer Steve Wozniak". NPR.org. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
  6. ^ Linzmayer, Owen W. (2004). Apple Confidential 2.0: The Definitive History of the World's Most Colorful Company. No Starch Press. p. 5. ISBN 9781593270100.
  7. ^ O'Grady, Jason D. (2009). Apple Inc. ABC-CLIO. p. 3. ISBN 9780313362446.
  8. ^ "Ventura County Star". Ventura County Star. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
  9. ^ "Steve Jobs: Steve Wozniak Remembers". www.groovypost.com. October 6, 2011. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
  10. ^ Freiberger, Paul; Swaine, Michael (2000). Fire in the Valley: The Making of the Personal Computer (2nd ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. pp. 265–267. ISBN 0-07-135892-7. At a Homebrew meeting in July 1976, Woz gave a demonstration of the Apple 1. Paul Terrell, one of the industries earliest retailers, was in attendance.
  11. ^ "Most Important Companies". Byte. September 1995. Archived from the original on June 18, 2008. Retrieved June 10, 2008.

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