Intel

Coordinates: 37°23′16″N 121°57′49″W / 37.38778°N 121.96361°W / 37.38778; -121.96361

Intel Corporation
Intel
FormerlyN M Electronics (1968)
TypePublic
Industry
FoundedJuly 18, 1968 (1968-07-18)
Founders
Headquarters,
U.S.
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Omar Ishrak (Chairman)
Pat Gelsinger (CEO)
ProductsCentral processing units
Microprocessors
Integrated graphics processing units (iGPU)
Systems-on-chip (SoCs)
Motherboard chipsets
Network interface controllers
Modems
Solid state drives
Wi-Fi and Bluetooth Chipsets
Flash memory
Vehicle automation sensors
RevenueIncrease US$79.02 billion (2021)[1]
Decrease US$19.46 billion (2021)[1]
Decrease US$19.87 billion (2021)[1]
Total assetsIncrease US$168.41 billion (2021)[1]
Total equityIncrease US$95.39 billion (2021)[1]
Number of employees
121,100 (2021)[1]
Subsidiaries
Websiteintel.com

Intel Corporation is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California. It is the world's largest semiconductor chip manufacturer by revenue,[2][3] and is one of the developers of the x86 series of instruction sets, the instruction sets found in most personal computers (PCs). Incorporated in Delaware,[4] Intel ranked No. 45 in the 2020 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue for nearly a decade, from 2007 to 2016 fiscal years.[5]

Intel supplies microprocessors for computer system manufacturers such as Acer, Lenovo, HP, and Dell. Intel also manufactures motherboard chipsets, network interface controllers and integrated circuits, flash memory, graphics chips, embedded processors and other devices related to communications and computing.

Intel (integrated and electronics) was founded on July 18, 1968, by semiconductor pioneers Gordon Moore (of Moore's law) and Robert Noyce (1927–1990), and is associated with the executive leadership and vision of Andrew Grove. Intel was a key component of the rise of Silicon Valley as a high-tech center. Noyce was a key inventor of the integrated circuit (microchip).[6][7] Intel was an early developer of SRAM and DRAM memory chips, which represented the majority of its business until 1981. Although Intel created the world's first commercial microprocessor chip in 1971, it was not until the success of the personal computer (PC) that this became its primary business.

During the 1990s, Intel invested heavily in new microprocessor designs fostering the rapid growth of the computer industry. During this period, Intel became the dominant supplier of microprocessors for PCs and was known for aggressive and anti-competitive tactics in defense of its market position, particularly against Advanced Micro Devices (AMD), as well as a struggle with Microsoft for control over the direction of the PC industry.[8][9]

The Open Source Technology Center at Intel hosts PowerTOP and LatencyTOP, and supports other open-source projects such as Wayland, Mesa, Threading Building Blocks (TBB), and Xen.[10]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Intel Corporation 2021 Annual Report Form (10-K)" (PDF). United States Securities and Exchange Commission. January 27, 2022. Retrieved January 31, 2022.
  2. ^ Vanian, Jonathan. "Samsung Dethrones Intel As World's Biggest Chip Maker". Fortune.
  3. ^ "Intel 2007 Annual Report" (PDF). Intel. 2007. Retrieved July 6, 2011.
  4. ^ "10-K". 10-K. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  5. ^ "Fortune 500 Companies 2018: Who Made the List". Fortune. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
  6. ^ "1959: Practical Monolithic Integrated Circuit Concept Patented". Computer History Museum. Retrieved August 13, 2019.
  7. ^ "Integrated circuits". NASA. Retrieved August 13, 2019.
  8. ^ Goodin, Dan (September 23, 1998). "Microsoft's holy war on Java". CNET. Archived from the original on January 16, 2013. Retrieved November 18, 2018.
  9. ^ Lea, Graham (December 14, 1998). "USA versus Microsoft: the fourth week". BBC News. Retrieved January 7, 2008.
  10. ^ "What is 01.org? - 01.org". 01.org. July 13, 2012.

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