Microsoft Windows

Windows logo and wordmark - 2021.svg
Source model
Initial releaseNovember 20, 1985 (1985-11-20)
Latest release22H2 (10.0.22621.608) (September 30, 2022 (2022-09-30)[1]) [±]
Latest preview
Release Preview Channel

22H2 (10.0.22621.608) (September 30, 2022 (2022-09-30)[2][3]) [±]

Beta Channel

22H2 (10.0.22623.730) (September 29, 2022 (2022-09-29)[4]) [±]

Dev Channel
10.0.25211.1001 (September 29, 2022 (2022-09-29)[5]) [±]
Marketing targetPersonal computing
Available in110 languages
Update method
Package managerWindows Installer (.msi, .msix, .msp), Microsoft Store (.appx, .appxbundle),[6] Windows Package Manager
PlatformsIA-32, x86-64, ARM, ARM64
Previously: 16-bit x86, DEC Alpha, MIPS, PowerPC, Itanium
Kernel type
user interface
Windows shell
LicenseProprietary commercial software

Windows is a group of several proprietary graphical operating system families developed and marketed by Microsoft. Each family caters to a certain sector of the computing industry, for example Windows NT for consumers, Windows Server for servers, and Windows IoT for embedded systems. Defunct Windows families include Windows 9x, Windows Mobile and Windows Phone.

The first version of Windows was released on November 20, 1985, as a graphical operating system shell for MS-DOS in response to the growing interest in graphical user interfaces (GUIs).[7]

Windows is the most popular desktop operating system in the world, with 75% market share as of April 2022 according to StatCounter.[8] However, Windows is not the most used operating system when including both mobile and desktop OSes, due to Android's massive growth.[9]

As of September 2022, the most recent version of Windows is Windows 11 for consumer PCs and tablets, Windows 11 Enterprise for corporations, and Windows Server 2022 for servers.

  1. ^ "September 30, 2022—KB5017389 (OS Build 22621.608) Preview". Microsoft Support. Microsoft. September 30, 2022.
  2. ^ "Releasing Windows 11 Build 22621.607 to the Release Preview Channel". Windows Insider Blog. September 22, 2022.
  3. ^ "September 30, 2022—KB5017389 (OS Build 22621.608) Preview". Microsoft Support. Microsoft. September 30, 2022.
  4. ^ "Announcing Windows 11 Insider Preview Build 22621.730 and 22623.730". Windows Insider Blog. September 29, 2022.
  5. ^ "Announcing Windows 11 Insider Preview Build 25211". Windows Insider Blog. September 29, 2022.
  6. ^ "App packages and deployment (Windows Store apps) (Windows)". Archived from the original on March 30, 2014. Retrieved April 5, 2014.
  7. ^ "The Unusual History of Microsoft Windows". Retrieved April 22, 2007.
  8. ^ "Desktop Operating System Market Share Worldwide". StatCounter Global Stats.
  9. ^ Keizer, Gregg (July 14, 2014). "Microsoft gets real, admits its device share is just 14%". Computerworld. IDG. Archived from the original on August 21, 2016. [Microsoft's chief operating officer] Turner's 14% came from a new forecast released last week by Gartner, which estimated Windows' share of the shipped device market last year was 14%, and would decrease slightly to 13.7% in 2014. Android will dominate, Gartner said, with a 48% share this year

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