Steve Wozniak

Steve Wozniak
Steve Wozniak by Gage Skidmore 3 (cropped).jpg
Wozniak in 2017
Stephen Gary Wozniak

(1950-08-11) August 11, 1950 (age 72)
San Jose, California, U.S.
Other names
  • Woz
  • Berkeley Blu (hacking alias)[1]
  • Rocky Clark (student alias)[2]
EducationUniversity of Colorado, Boulder (expelled)
University of California, Berkeley (BSE, 1986)
Years active1971–present
Known for
Alice Robertson
(m. 1976⁠–⁠1980)
(m. 1981⁠–⁠1987)
Suzanne Mulkern
(m. 1990⁠–⁠2004)
Janet Hill
(m. 2008)
PartnerKathy Griffin (2007⁠–2008)
Call signex-WA6BND (ex-WV6VLY)

Stephen Gary Wozniak (/ˈwɒzniæk/; born August 11, 1950), also known by his nickname "Woz", is an American electronics engineer, computer programmer, philanthropist, inventor, and technology entrepreneur. In 1976, with business partner Steve Jobs, he co-founded Apple Computer, which later became the world's largest technology company by revenue and the largest company in the world by market capitalization. Through his work at Apple in the 1970s and 1980s, he is widely recognized as one of the most prominent pioneers of the Information Age.[3]

In 1975, Wozniak started developing the Apple I[4]: 150 into the computer that launched Apple when he and Jobs first began marketing it the following year. He primarily designed the Apple II, introduced in 1977, known as one of the first highly successful mass-produced microcomputers,[5] while Jobs oversaw the development of its foam-molded plastic case and early Apple employee Rod Holt developed its switching power supply.[6] With human–computer interface expert Jef Raskin, Wozniak had a major influence over the initial development of the original Apple Macintosh concepts from 1979 to 1981, when Jobs took over the project following Wozniak's brief departure from the company due to a traumatic airplane accident.[7][8] After permanently leaving Apple in 1985, Wozniak founded CL 9 and created the first programmable universal remote, released in 1987. He then pursued several other businesses and philanthropic ventures throughout his career, focusing largely on technology in K–12 schools.[8]

As of November 2019, Wozniak has remained an employee of Apple in a ceremonial capacity since stepping down in 1985.[9][10] In recent years, he has helped fund multiple entrepreneurial efforts dealing in areas such as telecommunications, flash memory, technology and pop culture conventions, ecology, satellites, technical education and more.

  1. ^ Dayal, Geeta (February 1, 2013). "Phreaks and Geeks". Slate. Retrieved November 22, 2017.
  2. ^ Stix, Harriet (May 14, 1986). "A UC Berkeley Degree Is Now the Apple of Steve Wozniak's Eye". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 22, 2017.
  3. ^ McConnell, Steve (December 7, 2018). "Steve Wozniak: Inventor and Apple co-founder". Berkeley Engineering. Retrieved September 4, 2022.
  4. ^ Cite error: The named reference iWoz was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  5. ^ Reimer, Jeremy (December 14, 2005). "Total share: 30 years of personal computer market share figures". Ars Technica. Retrieved May 22, 2017.
  6. ^ "Nolan Bushnell Appointed to Atari Board — AtariAge Forums — Page 30". April 29, 2010. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
  7. ^ Cite error: The named reference TheVerge was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  8. ^ a b "About Steve Wozniak aka 'The Woz'". Retrieved March 19, 2017.
  9. ^ Cite error: The named reference wozemployee was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  10. ^ "Steve Wozniak on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved November 11, 2019.

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