K-pop (Korean케이팝; RRkeipap), short for Korean popular music,[1] is a genre of music originating in South Korea as part of South Korean culture.[2] It is influenced by styles and genres from around the world, such as pop, experimental, rock, jazz, gospel, hip hop, R&B, reggae, electronic dance, folk, country, and classical on top of its traditional Korean music roots.[3] The more modern form of the genre emerged with the formation of one of the earliest K-pop groups, the boy band Seo Taiji and Boys, in 1992. Their experimentation with different styles and genres of music and integration of foreign musical elements helped reshape and modernize South Korea's contemporary music scene.[4]

Modern K-pop "idol" culture began in the 1990s, as K-pop idol music grew into a subculture that amassed enormous fandoms of teenagers and young adults.[5][6] After a slump in early idol music, from 2003, TVXQ and BoA started a new generation of K-pop idols that broke the music genre into the neighboring Japanese market and continue to popularize K-pop internationally today.[7][8] With the advent of online social networking services and South Korean TV shows, the current spread of K-pop and South Korean entertainment, known as the Korean Wave, is seen not only in East Asia and Southeast Asia, but also in Pakistan, Bangladesh, India, Latin America, North Africa, Southern Africa and East Africa, the Middle East and throughout the Western world, gaining an international audience.

The term "K-pop" became popular in the 2000s. Previously, South Korean pop music was called gayo (Korean가요; Hanja歌謠).[9][10] While "K-pop" is a general term for popular music in South Korea, it is often used in a narrower sense for the genre described here. In 2018, K-pop experienced significant growth and became a 'power player,' marking a 17.9% increase in revenue growth. As of 2019, K-pop is ranked at number six among the top ten music markets worldwide according to the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry's "Global Music Report 2019," with BTS and Blackpink cited as artists leading the market growth.[11] In 2020, K-pop experienced a record-breaking year when it experienced a 44.8% growth and positioned itself as the fastest-growing major market of the year.[12]

  1. ^ "케이팝" (in Korean). Retrieved January 13, 2022.
  2. ^ Hartong, Jan Laurens (2006). Musical terms worldwide: a companion for the musical explorer. Semar Publishers. p. 15. ISBN 978-88-7778-090-4. Retrieved December 5, 2011. Since the 1990s, popular genres like rap, rock and techno house have been incorporated into Korean popular music, setting the trend for the present generation of K-pop, which often emulates American models.
  3. ^ Laurie, Timothy (2016), "Toward a Gendered Aesthetics of K-Pop", Global Glam and Popular Music : Style and Spectacle from the 1970s to the 2000s: 214–231
  4. ^ Cho, Chung-un (March 23, 2012). "K-pop still feels impact of Seo Taiji & Boys". The Korea Herald. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
  5. ^ "The Root of K-Pop: The Influences of Today's Biggest Acts". Billboard. Retrieved July 16, 2017.
  6. ^ "South Korea's pop-cultural exports: Hallyu, yeah!". The Economist. January 25, 2010. Retrieved March 23, 2019.
  7. ^ JungBong., Choi (2014). K-pop - The International Rise of the Korean Music Industry. Maliangkay, Roald. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis. pp. 66–80. ISBN 9781317681809. OCLC 890981690.
  8. ^ Song, Cheol-min (2016). K-pop Beyond Asia. Korea: 길잡이미디어. pp. 37–46. ISBN 9788973755981.
  9. ^ "케이팝". terms.naver.com.
  10. ^ "정보길잡이 상세보기 | 국립중앙도서관". www.nl.go.kr.
  11. ^ Kelley, Caitlin (April 3, 2019). "K-Pop Is More Global Than Ever, Helping South Korea's Music Market Grow Into A 'Power Player'". Forbes. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
  12. ^ "2021 State of the Industry" (PDF). International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. March 23, 2021. Retrieved March 23, 2021.

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