Latin America

Latin America[a]
Latin America (orthographic projection).svg
Area20,111,457 km2 (7,765,077 sq mi)[1]
Population642,216,682 (2018 est.)[2][3][b]
Population density31/km2 (80/sq mi)
Ethnic groups
Religions
DemonymLatin American
Countries20[c]
Dependencies14
LanguagesRomance languages
Others:
Quechua, Mayan languages, Guaraní, Aymara, Nahuatl, Haitian Creole, German, English, Dutch, Welsh, Ukrainian, Polish, Russian, Yiddish, Greek, Arabic, Chinese, Korean, Japanese, Others
Time zonesUTC−2 to UTC−8
Largest cities(Metro areas)[5][6]
1. São Paulo
2. Mexico City
3. Buenos Aires
4. Rio de Janeiro
5. Bogotá
6. Lima
7. Santiago
8. Guadalajara
9. Monterrey
10. Belo Horizonte
UN M49 code419 – Latin America
019 – Americas
001 – World

Latin America[a] is the portion of the Americas comprising countries and regions where Romance languages—languages that derived from Latin—such as Spanish, Portuguese, and French are predominantly spoken.[7] The term is used for those places once ruled under the Spanish, Portuguese, and French empires. Parts of the United States and Canada where Romance languages are primarily spoken are not usually included due to being collectively grouped as Anglo-America (an exception to this is Puerto Rico, which is almost always included within the definition of Latin America despite being a territory of the United States). The term is broader than categories such as Hispanic America, which specifically refers to Spanish-speaking countries; and Ibero-America, which specifically refers to both Spanish and Portuguese-speaking countries. The term is also more recent in origin.

The term Latin America was first used in an 1856 conference called "Initiative of America: Idea for a Federal Congress of the Republics" (Iniciativa de la América. Idea de un Congreso Federal de las Repúblicas),[8] by the Chilean politician Francisco Bilbao. The term was further popularized by French Emperor Napoleon III's government in the 1860s as Amérique latine to justify France's military involvement in the Second Mexican Empire and to include French-speaking territories in the Americas such as French Canada, French Louisiana, or French Guiana, in the larger group of countries where Spanish and Portuguese languages prevailed.[9]

Latin America consists of 20 countries and 14 dependent territories that cover an area that stretches from Mexico to Tierra del Fuego and includes much of the Caribbean. It has an area of approximately 19,197,000 km2 (7,412,000 sq mi),[1] almost 13% of the Earth's land surface area. As of March 2, 2020, the population of Latin America and the Caribbean was estimated at more than 652 million,[10] and in 2019, Latin America had a combined nominal GDP of US$5,188,250 million[11] and a GDP PPP of US$10,284,588 million.[11][12]
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  1. ^ a b "World Development Indicators: Rural environment and land use". World Development Indicators, The World Bank. World Bank. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
  2. ^ ""World Population prospects – Population division"". population.un.org. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  3. ^ ""Overall total population" – World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision" (xslx). population.un.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  4. ^ "Christians – Pew Research Center".
  5. ^ Cite error: The named reference brookingsgdp was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  6. ^ Geography Department at Loughborough University, The World According to GaWC 2012, Table 4
  7. ^ Dressing, J. David. "Latin America" in The Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture", vol. 3, p. 390. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons 1996.
  8. ^ Bilbao, Francisco (June 22, 1856). "Iniciativa de la América. Idea de un Congreso Federal de las Repúblicas" (in Spanish). París. Retrieved July 16, 2017 – via Proyecto Filosofía en español.
  9. ^ Cite error: The named reference Britton was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  10. ^ "Population of Latin America and the Caribbean (2020) – Worldometer". worldometers.info. Retrieved March 3, 2020.
  11. ^ a b "GDP Current and PPP estimates for 2019". IMF. 2019. Retrieved February 10, 2020.
  12. ^ "World Economic Outlook Database October 2019". www.imf.org. Retrieved August 9, 2020.

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