Michael Jackson

Michael Jackson
A photograph of Michael Jackson singing into a microphone
Jackson performing in June 1988
Michael Joseph Jackson

(1958-08-29)August 29, 1958
DiedJune 25, 2009(2009-06-25) (aged 50)
Cause of deathCardiac arrest
Other namesMichael Joe Jackson
  • Singer
  • songwriter
  • dancer
  • record producer
(m. 1994; div. 1996)

(m. 1996; div. 1999)
Parent(s)Joe Jackson
Katherine Jackson
FamilyJackson family
AwardsFull list
(incl. GAB National Order of Merit - Officer BAR.png National Order of Merit of Gabon)
Musical career
Years active1964–2009
Associated actsThe Jackson 5
Michael Jackson signature.svg

Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958 – June 25, 2009) was an American singer, songwriter and dancer. Dubbed the "King of Pop", he is regarded as one of the most significant cultural figures of the 20th century. Over a four-decade career, his contributions to music, dance and fashion, along with his publicized personal life, made him a global figure in popular culture. Jackson influenced artists across many music genres; through stage and video performances, he popularized complicated dance moves such as the moonwalk, to which he gave the name, as well as the robot. He is the most awarded music artist in history.

The eighth child of the Jackson family, Jackson made his professional debut in 1964 with his elder brothers Jackie, Tito, Jermaine and Marlon as a member of the Jackson 5 (later known as the Jacksons). Jackson began his solo career in 1971 while at Motown Records. He became a solo star with his 1979 album Off the Wall. His music videos, including those for "Beat It", "Billie Jean" and "Thriller" from his 1982 album Thriller, are credited with breaking racial barriers and transforming the medium into an artform and promotional tool. He helped propel the success of MTV and continued to innovate with videos for the albums Bad (1987), Dangerous (1991) and HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Book I (1995). Thriller became the best-selling album of all time, while Bad was the first album to produce five U.S. Billboard Hot 100 number-one singles.[nb 1]

From the late 1980s, Jackson became a figure of controversy and speculation due to his changing appearance, relationships, behavior and lifestyle. In 1993, he was accused of sexually abusing the child of a family friend. The lawsuit was settled out of civil court; Jackson was not indicted due to lack of evidence. In 2005, he was tried and acquitted of further child sexual abuse allegations and several other charges. In both cases, the FBI found no evidence of criminal conduct on Jackson's behalf in either case. In 2009, while preparing for a series of comeback concerts, This Is It, Jackson died from an overdose of propofol administered by his personal physician, Conrad Murray, who was convicted in 2011 of involuntary manslaughter.

Jackson is one of the best-selling music artists of all time, with estimated sales of over 400 million records worldwide.[nb 2] He had 13 Billboard Hot 100 number-one singles (more than any other male artist in the Hot 100 era) and was the first artist to have a top-ten single in the Billboard Hot 100 in five different decades. His honors include 15 Grammy Awards, 6 Brit Awards, a Golden Globe Award and 39 Guinness World Records, including the "Most Successful Entertainer of All Time". Jackson's inductions include the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (twice), the Vocal Group Hall of Fame, the Songwriters Hall of Fame, the Dance Hall of Fame (the only recording artist to be inducted) and the Rhythm and Blues Music Hall of Fame. In 2016, his estate earned $825 million, the highest yearly amount for a celebrity ever recorded by Forbes.
Cite error: There are <ref group=nb> tags on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist|group=nb}} template (see the help page).

  1. ^ Bain, Raymone K. (October 31, 2006). "Statement from Raymone Bain to all fans and fanclubs". Mjtmc.com. Archived from the original on February 17, 2007.
  2. ^ a b Bialik, Carl (July 15, 2009). "Spun: The Off-the-Wall Accounting of Record Sales". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on March 10, 2015. Retrieved December 17, 2021.
  3. ^ "Michael Jackson's Partial Comeback Is No Thriller". Billboard. November 16, 2006. Retrieved December 17, 2021.
  4. ^ "Factbox: The life and death of pop star Michael Jackson". Reuters (Press release). September 6, 2011. Retrieved December 17, 2021.
  5. ^ Ditzian, Eric (June 26, 2009). "Michael Jackson's Groundbreaking Career, By The Numbers". MTV. Retrieved December 17, 2021.
  6. ^ "Michael Jackson Opens Up". CBS News. November 6, 2007. Retrieved December 17, 2021.
  7. ^ "Michael Jackson's 'Thriller' First Ever 30X Multi-Platinum RIAA Certification". Recording Industry Association of America. December 16, 2015. Retrieved December 17, 2021.
  8. ^ Adamczyk, Alicia (December 16, 2015). "Michael Jackson's 'Thriller' Just Smashed Another Record". Time. Archived from the original on December 17, 2015. Retrieved May 29, 2016.

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