Moscow

Moscow
Москва
From top to bottom and left to right: Red Square with the Spasskaya Tower of the Kremlin on the left, Saint Basil's Cathedral on the right and Ostankino Tower in the background; the Bolshoi Theatre; Moscow State University; the Moscow International Business Center at night; the Cathedral of Christ the Savior; view along the Moskva River.
Anthem: "My Moscow"
Russia Moscow locator map.svg
Coordinates: 55°45′21″N 37°37′2″E / 55.75583°N 37.61722°E / 55.75583; 37.61722Coordinates: 55°45′21″N 37°37′2″E / 55.75583°N 37.61722°E / 55.75583; 37.61722
CountryRussia
Federal districtCentral[1]
Economic regionCentral[2]
First mentioned1147[3]
Government
 • BodyCity Duma[4]
 • Mayor[5]Sergey Sobyanin[5]
Area
 • Total2,561.5 km2 (989.0 sq mi)
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)[7]
12,506,468
 • Rank1st
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[8])
ISO 3166 codeRU-MOW
License plates77, 177, 777; 97, 197, 797; 99, 199, 799
OKTMO ID45000000
Official languagesRussian[9]
Websitemos.ru

Moscow (/ˈmɒsk/ MOS-koh, US chiefly /ˈmɒsk/ MOS-kow;[10][11] Russian: Москва, tr. Moskva, IPA: [mɐskˈva] (listen)) is the capital and largest city of Russia. The city stands on the Moskva River in Central Russia, with a population estimated at 12.4 million residents within the city limits,[12] over 17 million residents in the urban area,[13] and over 20 million residents in the metropolitan area.[14] The city covers an area of 2,511 square kilometers (970 sq mi), while the urban area covers 5,891 square kilometers (2,275 sq mi),[13] and the metropolitan area covers over 26,000 square kilometers (10,000 sq mi).[14] Moscow is among the world's largest cities; being the most populous city entirely in Europe, the largest urban and metropolitan area in Europe,[13][14] and the largest city by land area on the European continent.[15]

First documented in 1147, Moscow grew to become a prosperous and powerful city that served as the capital of the Grand Duchy that bears its name. When the Grand Duchy of Moscow evolved into the Tsardom of Russia, Moscow remained the political and economic center for most of the Tsardom's history. When the Tsardom was reformed into the Russian Empire, the capital was moved from Moscow to Saint Petersburg diminishing the influence of the city. The capital was then moved back to Moscow following the October Revolution and the city was brought back as the political center of the Russian SFSR and then the Soviet Union.[16] In the aftermath of the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Moscow remained the capital city of the contemporary and newly established Russian Federation.

The northernmost and coldest megacity in the world, with a history that spans eight centuries, Moscow is governed as a federal city (since 1993)[17] that serves as the political, economic, cultural, and scientific center of Russia and Eastern Europe. As an alpha world city,[18] Moscow has one of the world's largest urban economies.[19] The city is one of the fastest-growing tourist destinations in the world,[20] and is one of Europe's most visited cities. Moscow is home to the seventh-highest number of billionaires of any city in the world.[21] The Moscow International Business Center is one of the largest financial centers in Europe and the world, and features some of Europe's tallest skyscrapers. Moscow was the host city of the 1980 Summer Olympics, and one of the host cities of the 2018 FIFA World Cup.[22]

As the historic core of Russia, Moscow serves as the home of numerous Russian artists, scientists, and sports figures due to the presence of its various museums, academic and political institutions, and theaters. The city is home to several UNESCO World Heritage Sites and is well known for its display of Russian architecture, particularly its historic Red Square, and buildings such as the Saint Basil's Cathedral and the Moscow Kremlin, of which the latter serves as the seat of power of the Government of Russia. Moscow is home to many Russian companies in numerous industries and is served by a comprehensive transit network, which includes four international airports, ten railway terminals, a tram system, a monorail system, and most notably the Moscow Metro, the busiest metro system in Europe, and one of the largest rapid transit systems in the world. The city has over 40 percent of its territory covered by greenery, making it one of the greenest cities in Europe and the world.[15][23]

  1. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", No. 20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. ^ Comins-Richmond, Walter. "The History of Moscow". Occidental College. Archived from the original on May 17, 2006. Retrieved July 3, 2006.
  4. ^ "The Moscow Statute". Moscow City Duma. Moscow City Government. June 28, 1995. Archived from the original on August 23, 2011. Retrieved September 29, 2010. The supreme and exclusive legislative (representative) body of the state power in Moscow is the Moscow City Duma.
  5. ^ a b "The Moscow City Mayor". Government of Moscow. Archived from the original on August 23, 2011. Retrieved March 18, 2010.
  6. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (May 21, 2004). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
  7. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  8. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  9. ^ Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  10. ^ Wells, John C. (2008). Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd ed.). Longman. ISBN 978-1-4058-8118-0.
  11. ^ Roach, Peter (2011). Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary (18th ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-15253-2.
  12. ^ "Russia: Central'nyj Federal'nyj Okrug - Central Federal District". City Population.de. August 8, 2020. Retrieved September 1, 2020.
  13. ^ a b c "Demographia World Urban Areas" (PDF). Demographia. Retrieved July 22, 2020.
  14. ^ a b c Akishin, Alexander (August 17, 2017). "A 3-Hour Commute: A Close Look At Moscow The Megapolis". Strelka Mag. Archived from the original on April 17, 2021. Retrieved May 23, 2020.
  15. ^ a b "Moscow, a City Undergoing Transformation". Planète Énergies. September 11, 2017. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  16. ^ 1977 Constitution of the Soviet Union - Section VIII, Article 172: "The Capital of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics is the city of Moscow."
  17. ^ "A glimpse into history". mos.ru. Archived from the original on October 7, 2021. Retrieved September 21, 2021.
  18. ^ According to the Globalization and World Cities Research Network
  19. ^ Brade, Isolde; Rudolph, Robert (2004). "Moscow, the Global City? The Position of the Russian Capital within the European System of Metropolitan Areas". Area. Wiley. 36 (1): 69–80. doi:10.1111/j.0004-0894.2004.00306.x. JSTOR 20004359.
  20. ^ According to the MasterCard Global Destination Cities Index.
  21. ^ McEvoy, Jemima. "Where The Richest Live: The Cities With The Most Billionaires 2022". Forbes. Retrieved July 6, 2022.
  22. ^ "FIFA World Cup kicks off in Russia". The New Indian Express. Retrieved March 20, 2021.
  23. ^ "Moscow parks". Bridge To Moscow. Retrieved May 27, 2020.

From Rich X Search The Next Generation Search Engine

Copyright 2022 Rich X Search