Cinema of Canada

Cinema of Canada
Transparentfilmcanada.png
No. of screens3,114 (2015)[1]
 • Per capita9.6 per 100,000 (2015)[1]
Main distributorsUniversal 20.9%
Disney 18.7%
Warner Bros. 13.3%[2]
Produced feature films (2015)[3]
Total103
Fictional77 (74.8%)
Documentary26 (25.2%)
Number of admissions (2015)[4]
Total118,000,000
Gross box office (2015)[4]
TotalC$986 million
National filmsC$18.8 million (1.9%)

Cinema in Canada dates back to the earliest known display of film in Saint-Laurent, Quebec, in 1896. The film industry in Canada has been dominated by the United States, which has utilized Canada as a shooting location and to bypass British film quota laws, throughout its history. Canadian filmmakers, English and French, have been active in the development of cinema in the United States.

Films by Thomas A. Edison, Inc. were some of the first to arrive in Canada and early films made in the country were produced by Edison Studios. Canadian Pacific Railway and other railways supported early filmmaking including James Freer, who is believed to be the first Canadian filmmaker. Evangeline is the earliest recorded Canadian feature film. George Brownridge and Ernest Shipman were major figures in Canadian cinema in the 1920s and 1930s. Shipman oversaw the production the most expensive film up to that point. Brownridge's career led to Carry on, Sergeant! and its failure caused a decline in the film industry.

The Canadian Government Motion Picture Bureau was formed in 1918, and expanded to sound and 16 mm film in the 1930s before merging into the National Film Board of Canada. The NFB expanded under the leadership of John Grierson. The Canadian Cooperation Project between the government and Motion Picture Association of America from 1948 to 1958, negatively effected Canadian filmmaking. Internal divisions between English and French Canadians within the NFB starting in the 1940s led to the creation of an independent branch for French language productions by the 1960s.

  1. ^ a b "Cinema Infrastructure – Capacity". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Archived from the original on January 15, 2020. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
  2. ^ "Share of Top 3 distributors (Excel)". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Archived from the original on May 4, 2017. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
  3. ^ "Feature Film Production – Genre". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Archived from the original on July 13, 2017. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Exhibition – Admissions & Gross Box Office (GBO)". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Archived from the original on July 13, 2017. Retrieved May 8, 2017.

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