Science fiction

The alien invasion featured in H. G. Wells' 1897 novel The War of the Worlds, as illustrated by Henrique Alvim Corrêa
Space exploration, as predicted in August 1958 by the science fiction magazine Imagination

Science Fiction (sometimes shortened to Sci-Fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction which typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, parallel universes, extraterrestrial life, sentient artificial intelligence, cybernetics, certain forms of immortality (like mind uploading), and the singularity. Science fiction predicted several existing inventions, such as the atomic bomb,[1] robots[2] and borazon,[3] whose names entirely match their fictional predecessors.

Science fiction can trace its roots back to ancient mythology,[4] and is related to fantasy, horror, and superhero fiction, and contains many subgenres. Its exact definition has long been disputed among authors, critics, scholars, and readers.

Science fiction, in literature, film, television, and other media, has become popular and influential over much of the world, It has been called the "literature of ideas", and often explores the potential consequences of scientific, social, and technological innovations.[5][6] It is also often said to inspire a "sense of wonder".[7] Besides providing entertainment, it can also criticize present-day society and explore alternatives.

  1. ^ "These 15 sci-fi books actually predicted the future". Business Insider. 8 November 2018. Retrieved 20 July 2022.
  2. ^ "Future Shock: 11 Real-Life Technologies That Science Fiction Predicted". Micron. Retrieved 20 July 2022.
  3. ^ Ерёмина Ольга Александровна. "Предвидения и предсказания". Иван Ефремов (in Russian). Retrieved 20 July 2022.
  4. ^ Luckhurst, Professor in Modern and Contemporary Literature Roger; Luckhurst, Roger (6 May 2005). Science Fiction. Polity. ISBN 978-0-7456-2893-6.
  5. ^ Cite error: The named reference Science Fiction: The Literature of Ideas was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  6. ^ Cite error: The named reference fandom def was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  7. ^ Prucher, Jeff (ed.). Brave New Words: The Oxford Dictionary of Science Fiction (Oxford University Press, 2007) page 179

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