Bosniaks

Bosniaks
Bošnjaci
Map of the Bosnian Diaspora in the World.svg
Map of the Bosniak diaspora worldwide
Total population
3 million (est.)[note 1]
Regions with significant populations
 Bosnia and Herzegovina1,769,592[1]
 United States350,000[2]
 Germany158,158[3]
 Serbia145,278[4]
 Austria128,047[5]
 Turkey112,000[6]
 Sweden90,498[7]
 Montenegro53,605[8]
Switzerland46,773[9]
 Croatia31,479[10]
 Kosovo[a]27,533[11]
 Italy21,911[12]
 Slovenia21,542[13]
 Denmark21,000[14]
 Australia17,993[15]
North Macedonia North Macedonia17,018[16]
 Norway16,338[17][18]
 Finland2,322[19]
 Belgium2,182[20]
 European Union total400,000[21]
Languages
Bosnian
Religion
Predominantly Sunni Islam[22]
Related ethnic groups
Other South Slavs,
especially Bosnian Serbs, Bosnian Croats

Bosniaks or Bosniacs (Bosnian: Bošnjaci, pronounced [boʃɲǎːtsi]; singular masculine: Bošnjak, feminine: Bošnjakinja) are a South Slavic ethnic group native to the Southeast European historical region of Bosnia,[23] which is today part of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

A native minority of Bosniaks live in other countries in the Balkans: especially in the Sandžak region of Serbia and Montenegro (where Bosniaks form a regional majority), and in Croatia and Kosovo.[a] Bosniaks are typically characterized by their historic ties to the Bosnian historical region, adherence to Islam since the 15th and 16th centuries, culture, and the Bosnian language. As of 2017, Bosniaks are also recognised as a national minority in Albania.[24] English speakers frequently refer to Bosniaks as Bosnian Muslims[note 2] or simply as Bosnians, though the latter term can also denote all inhabitants of Bosnia and Herzegovina (regardless of ethnic identity) or apply to citizens of the country.

Over two million Bosniaks live in the Balkans, with an estimated additional million settled and living around the world. Ethnic cleansing and genocide during the Bosnian War (1992–95) have had an effect on the territorial distribution of the population. Partly due to this,[25] a significant Bosniak diaspora exists in a number of countries, including Austria, Germany, Turkey, Australia, Sweden, Canada, and the United States.


Cite error: There are <ref group=note> tags on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist|group=note}} template (see the help page).

  1. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-06-30. Retrieved 2017-05-13.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "U.S. Census website". Retrieved 2006-06-09.
  3. ^ Germans and foreigners with an immigrant background Archived 2009-05-04 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Попис становништва, домаћинстава и станова 2011. у Републици Србији: НАЦИОНАЛНА ПРИПАДНОСТ" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2013-10-12. Retrieved 2012-12-22.
  5. ^ Bosnian Austrians
  6. ^ "Bosniak | Joshua Project". joshuaproject.net. Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  7. ^ "Utrikes födda samt födda i Sverige med en eller två utrikes födda föräldrar efter födelseland/ursprungsland, 31 december 2019, totalt". scb.se (in Swedish).
  8. ^ "Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in Montenegro 2011" (PDF). July 12, 2011. Archived (PDF) from the original on 27 July 2011. Retrieved 13 July 2011.
  9. ^ "Pub_Auslaender_D.pdf" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
  10. ^ Cro Census 2011, Dzs.hr
  11. ^ Kosovo Census 2011, ask.rks-gov.net
  12. ^ "Bosniaci in Italia - statistiche e distribuzione per regione". Tuttitalia.it (in Italian). Retrieved 2021-10-07.
  13. ^ "Statistični urad RS - Popis 2002". Retrieved 1 May 2016.
  14. ^ "Kilde: "Ældre bosniske flygtninge søger hjem"". Folkedrab.dk. Archived from the original on 2012-03-25. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
  15. ^ "2054.0 Australian Census Analytic Program: Australians' Ancestries (2001 (Corrigendum))" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-01-05.
  16. ^ "Macedonian Census 2002" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2007-07-08. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-08-07. Retrieved 2016-11-19.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ Joshua Project (2010-04-13). "Bosniak of Italy Ethnic People Profile". Joshuaproject.net. Archived from the original on 2011-12-13. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
  19. ^ "Väestö".
  20. ^ "Belgium figures". Dofi.fgov.be. Archived from the original on 2009-05-02. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
  21. ^ "2 DEMOGRAFIA 2006.pmd" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-07-26. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
  22. ^ Aziz Al-Azmeh; Effie Fokas (15 November 2007). Islam in Europe: Diversity, Identity and Influence. Cambridge University Press. p. 97. ISBN 978-1-139-46782-7.
  23. ^ "Historical Construction and Development of Bosniak Nation". ResearchGate. Retrieved 2019-07-26.
  24. ^ "Albania to Adopt Law Boosting Minorities' Rights". 28 September 2017.
  25. ^ Committee on Foreign Relations, US Senate, The Ethnic Cleansing of Bosnia-Hercegovina, (US Government Printing Office, 1992)


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