Country music

Country (also called country and western) is a music genre originating in the Southern and Southwestern United States. First produced in the 1920s, country primarily focuses on working class Americans and blue-collar American life.[2]

Country music is known for its ballads and dance tunes (also known as "honky-tonk music") with simple form, folk lyrics, and harmonies accompanied by instruments such as banjos, fiddles, harmonicas, and many types of guitar (including acoustic, electric, steel, and resonator guitars).[3][4][5] Though it is primarily rooted in various forms of American folk music, such as old-time music and Appalachian music,[6][7] many other traditions, including African-American, Mexican, Irish, and Hawaiian music, have also had a formative influence on the genre.[8] Blues modes have been used extensively throughout its recorded history.[9]

The term country music gained popularity in the 1940s in preference to hillbilly music; it came to encompass Western music, which evolved parallel to hillbilly music from similar roots, in the mid-20th century. Contemporary styles of Western music include Texas country, red dirt, and Hispano- and Mexican American-led Tejano and New Mexico music,[10][11] all extant alongside longstanding indigenous traditions.

In 2009, in the United States, country music was the most listened to rush hour radio genre during the evening commute, and second most popular in the morning commute.[12]

  1. ^ Fontenot, Robert (February 24, 2019). "What Is Swamp Rock? A look at this Southern mix of country, funk, and soul". Liveabout. Retrieved November 9, 2022.
  2. ^ Fox, A.A. (2004). Real Country: Music and Language in Working-Class Culture. Duke University Press. ISBN 978-0-8223-3348-7. Retrieved December 3, 2022.
  3. ^ "Country music – Definition". Archived from the original on August 7, 2020. Retrieved October 30, 2011.
  4. ^ "Country music – Definition". Oxford Dictionaries. Archived from the original on September 9, 2011. Retrieved October 30, 2011.
  5. ^ "Country music – Definition from WordWeb".
  6. ^ Duncan, Dayton; Burns, Ken; Steisel, Susanna; Shumaker, Susan; Baucom, Pam Tubridy; Mosher, Emily; Hinders, Maggie (2019). Country music. New York. ISBN 978-0-525-52054-2. OCLC 1057241126.
  7. ^ Anderson, K. (2020). Traditional Country & Western Music. Images of America. Arcadia Publishing Incorporated. ISBN 978-1-4396-7153-5. Retrieved December 3, 2022.
  8. ^ Egge, Sara (March 19, 2017). "The Origins of Country Music". Centre College's Norton Center For The Arts. Archived from the original on December 3, 2022. Retrieved December 3, 2022.
  9. ^ Ripani, Richard J. (August 1, 2006). The New Blue Music: Changes in Rhythm & Blues, 1950–1999. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. p. 22. ISBN 978-1-57806-861-6.
  10. ^ Trevino, G. (2002). Dance Halls and Last Calls: A History of Texas Country Music. Taylor Trade Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4616-6184-9. Retrieved December 3, 2022.
  11. ^ Stefano, Michelle (June 8, 2020). "Live! In the Archive: an Interview with Lone Piñon - Folklife Today". Library of Congress Blogs. Archived from the original on November 24, 2022. Retrieved December 3, 2022.
  12. ^ ARRP Bulletin. Vol. 53 No 1. "50 Minutes on the Road. Betsy Tower. page 50. citing Commuting in America III and Arbitron.

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