Property

Buildings of shops, hotels, and residences are common forms of Property

Property is a system of rights that gives people legal control of valuable things,[1] and also refers to the valuable things themselves. Depending on the nature of the property, an owner of property may have the right to consume, alter, share, redefine, rent, mortgage, pawn, sell, exchange, transfer, give away or destroy it, or to exclude others from doing these things,[2] as well as to perhaps abandon it; whereas regardless of the nature of the property, the owner thereof has the right to properly use it under the granted property rights.

In economics and political economy, there are three broad forms of property: private property, public property, and collective property (also called cooperative property).[3] Property that jointly belongs to more than one party may be possessed or controlled thereby in very similar or very distinct ways, whether simply or complexly, whether equally or unequally. However, there is an expectation that each party's will (rather discretion) with regard to the property be clearly defined and unconditional,[citation needed] to distinguish ownership and easement from rent. The parties might expect their wills to be unanimous, or alternately every given one of them, when no opportunity for or possibility of a dispute with any other of them exists, may expect his, her, it's or their own will to be sufficient and absolute. The first Restatement defines property as anything, tangible or intangible, whereby a legal relationship between persons and the State enforces a possessory interest or legal title in that thing. This mediating relationship between individual, property, and State is called a property regime.[4]

In sociology and anthropology, roperty is often defined as a relationship between two or more individuals and an object, in which at least one of these individuals holds a bundle of rights over the object. The distinction between "collective property" and "private property" is regarded as confusion since different individuals often hold differing rights over a single object.[5][6]

Types of property include real property (the combination of land and any improvements to or on the ground), personal property (physical possessions belonging to a person), private property (property owned by legal persons, business entities or individual natural persons), public property (State-owned or publicly owned and available possessions) and intellectual property (exclusive rights over artistic creations, inventions, etc.). However, the last is not always as widely recognized or enforced.[7] An article of property may have physical and incorporeal parts. A title, or a right of ownership, establishes the relation between the property and other persons, assuring the owner the right to dispose of the property as the owner sees fit.[citation needed] The unqualified term "property" is often used to refer specifically to real property.

  1. ^ Powell, Richard R. (2009). "2.02". In Wolf, Michael Alan (ed.). Powell on Real Property. New Providence, NJ. ISBN 9781579111588.
  2. ^ "property", WordNet, retrieved 2010-06-19
  3. ^ Gregory, Paul R.; Stuart, Robert C. (2003). Comparing Economic Systems in the Twenty-First Century. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. p. 27. ISBN 0-618-26181-8. There are three broad forms of property ownership-private, public, and collective (cooperative).
  4. ^ Pellissary, Sony; Dey Biswas, Sattwick (November 2012). "Emerging Property Regimes in India: What it Holds for the Future of Socio-economic Rights?" (PDF). www.irma.ac.in. Institute of Rural Management Anand. Retrieved 26 October 2021.
  5. ^ Graber, David (2002). Toward an Anthropological Theory of Value. New York: Palgrave. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-312-24044-8. ...one might argue that Property is a social relationship as well, reified in the same way: when one buys a car one is not purchasing the right to use it so much as the right to prevent others from using it-or, to be even more precise, one is purchasing their recognition that one has the right to do so. But since it is so diffuse, a social relation- a contract, in effect, between the owner and everyone else in the entire world is easy to think of it as a thing.
  6. ^ Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, Property in Anthropology, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-01-16. Retrieved 2015-01-15.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ Anti-copyright advocates and other critics of intellectual property dispute the concept of intellectual property.[1].

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