New Haven, Connecticut

New Haven
Flag of New Haven
Official seal of New Haven
The Elm City
Coordinates: 41°18′36″N 72°55′25″W / 41.31000°N 72.92361°W / 41.31000; -72.92361
CountryUnited States
U.S. stateConnecticut
CountyNew Haven
RegionSouth Central CT
MSAGreater New Haven
CSANew York
Settled (town)April 3, 1638
Incorporated (city)1784
Named forA "New Haven", meaning "new harbor"
 • TypeMayor–board of aldermen
 • MayorJustin Elicker (D)
 • City20.13 sq mi (52.15 km2)
 • Land18.69 sq mi (48.41 km2)
 • Water1.44 sq mi (3.74 km2)
59 ft (18 m)
 • City135,081
 • Density7,170/sq mi (2,768.5/km2)
 • Urban
561,456 (US: 77th)
 • Urban density1,884.0/sq mi (727.4/km2)
 • Metro
862,477 (US: 69th)
DemonymNew Havener
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP Codes
Area code(s)203/475
FIPS code09-52000
GNIS feature ID0209231
AirportTweed New Haven Airport
Major highways
Commuter rail

New Haven is a city in New Haven County, Connecticut, United States. It is located on New Haven Harbor on the northern shore of Long Island Sound and is part of the New York City metropolitan area. With a population of 135,081 as determined by the 2020 U.S. census,[2] New Haven is the third largest city in Connecticut after Bridgeport and Stamford, the largest city in the South Central Connecticut Planning Region, and the principal municipality of Greater New Haven, which had a total population of 864,835 in 2020. Prior to 1960, it was the county seat of New Haven County until the county governments were abolished that year.[3]

New Haven was one of the first planned cities in the U.S.[4][5][6] A year after its founding by English Puritans in 1638, eight streets were laid out in a four-by-four grid, creating the "Nine Square Plan".[7] The central common block is the New Haven Green, a 16-acre (6 ha) square at the center of Downtown New Haven. The Green is now a National Historic Landmark, and the "Nine Square Plan" is recognized by the American Planning Association as a National Planning Landmark.[8][9]

New Haven is the home of Yale University, New Haven's biggest taxpayer and employer,[10] and an integral part of the city's economy. Health care, professional and financial services and retail trade also contribute to the city's economic activity.

The city served as co-capital of Connecticut from 1701 until 1873, when sole governance was transferred to the more centrally located city of Hartford. New Haven has since billed itself as the "Cultural Capital of Connecticut" for its supply of established theaters, museums, and music venues.[11] New Haven had the first public tree planting program in the U.S., producing a canopy of mature trees (including some large elms) that gave the city the nickname "The Elm City".[12]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on March 21, 2021. Retrieved July 2, 2020.
  2. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: New Haven city, Connecticut". Archived from the original on February 11, 2022.
  3. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): New Haven-Milford, CT Metro Area". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 27, 1996. Retrieved September 26, 2012.
  4. ^ Mason, Betsy. "Strange, Beautiful, and Unexpected: Planned Cities Seen From Space". WIRED. Archived from the original on January 21, 2018. Retrieved January 21, 2018.
  5. ^ Garvan, Anthony (1951). Architecture and Town Planning in Coastal Connecticut. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. p. 41.
  6. ^ Boyle, Molly (2014). "The Failure of America's First City Plan: Why New Haven, the Colonies'First Planned City, Would Have Been Better Left Unplanned". Urban Lawyer. 46: 507. SSRN 2557690.
  7. ^ "New Haven: The Elm City". Town Greens. Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved September 28, 2011.
  8. ^ "National Planning Landmark Award". American Planning Association. Archived from the original on March 5, 2017. Retrieved March 4, 2017.
  9. ^ "News Details". New Haven, CT. July 24, 2017. Archived from the original on August 10, 2018. Retrieved May 16, 2019.
  10. ^ "Office of New Haven and State Affairs > About Yale and New Haven". Yale University. April 15, 2003. Archived from the original on September 7, 2011. Retrieved September 28, 2011.
  11. ^ Casey, Maura J. (April 6, 2007). "In New Haven, Art Almost Everywhere You Look". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on February 13, 2018. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  12. ^ "They're Putting The "Elm" Back In "Elm City"". New Haven Independent. Archived from the original on July 10, 2012. Retrieved September 28, 2011.

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