Amazon Web Services

Amazon Web Services, Inc.
Amazon Web Services Logo.svg
Type of site
Key people
  • Adam Selipsky (CEO)[1]
  • C.J. Moses (CISO)
  • Matt Garman
  • Peter DeSantis
  • Babik Parvez
  • James Hamilton
  • [2]
IndustryWeb service, cloud computing
RevenueIncrease US$62 billion (2021)[3]
Operating incomeIncrease US$18.5 billion (2021)[4]
Current statusActive

Amazon Web Services, Inc. (AWS) is a subsidiary of Amazon that provides on-demand cloud computing platforms and APIs to individuals, companies, and governments, on a metered, pay-as-you-go basis. Often times, clients will use this in combination with autoscaling (a process that allows a client to use more compute in times of high application usage, and then scale down to reduce costs when there is less traffic). These cloud computing web services provide various services related to networking, compute, storage, middleware, IOT and other processing capacity, as well as software tools via AWS server farms. This frees clients from managing, scaling, and patching hardware and operating systems. One of the foundational services is Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2), which allows users to have at their disposal a virtual cluster of computers, with extremely high availability, which can be interacted with over the internet via REST APIs, a CLI or the AWS console. AWS's virtual computers emulate most of the attributes of a real computer, including hardware central processing units (CPUs) and graphics processing units (GPUs) for processing; local/RAM memory; hard-disk/SSD storage; a choice of operating systems; networking; and pre-loaded application software such as web servers, databases, and customer relationship management (CRM).

AWS services are delivered to customers via a network of AWS server farms located throughout the world. Fees are based on a combination of usage (known as a "Pay-as-you-go" model), hardware, operating system, software, or networking features chosen by the subscriber required availability, redundancy, security, and service options. Subscribers can pay for a single virtual AWS computer, a dedicated physical computer, or clusters of either.[8] Amazon provides select portions of security for subscribers (e.g. physical security of the data centers) while other aspects of security are the responsibility of the subscriber (e.g. account management, vulnerability scanning, patching). AWS operates from many global geographical regions including seven in North America.[9]

Amazon markets AWS to subscribers as a way of obtaining large-scale computing capacity more quickly and cheaply than building an actual physical server farm.[10] All services are billed based on usage, but each service measures usage in varying ways. As of 2021 Q4, AWS has 33% market share for cloud infrastructure while the next two competitors Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud have 21%, and 10% respectively, according to Synergy Group.[11][12]

  1. ^ "AWS announces next CEO". (Press release). March 23, 2021. Archived from the original on March 23, 2021. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  2. ^ Kim, Eugene; Stewart, Ashley; Gal, Shayanne (December 2, 2020). "Amazon Web Services' Org Chart: Here's the internal map of the 95 most powerful executives under cloud boss Andy Jassy". Business Insider. Archived from the original on December 4, 2020. Retrieved March 9, 2021.
  3. ^ Furrier, John (November 30, 2020). "Exclusive with AWS chief Andy Jassy: The wakeup call for cloud adoption". Archived from the original on February 15, 2021. Retrieved February 18, 2021.
  4. ^ Sharwood, Simon (February 4, 2022). "Amazon stretches working life of its servers an extra year, for AWS and its own ops". The Register. Archived from the original on August 3, 2022.
  5. ^ "NICE - an AWS Company". Archived from the original on February 18, 2021. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
  6. ^ "Amazon - Press Room - Press Release". Archived from the original on October 15, 2015. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
  7. ^ "About AWS". September 2011. Archived from the original on October 5, 2012. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
  8. ^ Cite error: The named reference AWSagreement was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  9. ^ "AWS Global Infrastructure". December 22, 2016. Retrieved December 22, 2016.
  10. ^ "What is Cloud Computing by Amazon Web Services | AWS". Retrieved July 17, 2013.
  11. ^ Panettieri, Joe (August 3, 2020). "Cloud Market Share 2020: Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure, Google, IBM". ChannelE2E. Retrieved October 12, 2020.
  12. ^ "Infographic: Amazon Leads $100 Billion Cloud Market". Statista Infographics. Retrieved October 12, 2020.

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